The World of Birdwing Butterflies

 

SCHOENBERGIA PARADISEA

IUCN conservation status category: INDETERMINATE.

The first description of Schoenbergia paradisea is an obscure story.

The first specimen was collected by a local hunter in New Guinea. It was purchased by Dr. Hagge, a German. Via another German, Mr. Wahnes, the specimen - together with a female collected by Mr. Wahnes himself - ended up with von Schönberg. von Schönberg turned the specimen over to Dr. Arnold Pagenstecher for description. Dr. Pagenstecher was a careful person, so after having prepared his manuscript he sent some copies to his contemporary colleagues. One of them was Mr. O. Staudinger, who did the unheard violation to publish Pagenstecher's manuscript under his own name. It even meant that Mr. Staudinger "described" paradisea without having ever seen a specimen with his own eyes. The holotype specimen, which is now believed to be lost, was the male in Pagenstecher's possession.

For further reading on this story, reference is made to Haugum & Low (1979).

S. paradisea is a sexually-dimorphic butterfly which appears to be distributed over most of New Guinea. During the last couple of decades it has become evident that the species is more widely distributed than was previously known with such new records as Sorong (ssp. occidentalis) in the extreme west of New Guinea, and Lake Kutubu in the Southern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea. Its present distribution in eastern PNG remains uncertain.

According to the revision of Mr Gilles Deslisle (2004) only three subspecies should be accepted; p.paradisea, p.arfakensis and p.chrysanthemum.

TIP:
To view the images of this species, click on the name of the species.
To go direct to the images
of a specific subspecies, click on the name of the subspecies.

S. paradisea galatea

Auctor: Sugiyama, 2000
Distribution: Salawati Is.
Etymology: - - - -
Notes:
Described forms:
none



S. paradisea occidentalis

Auctor: Morita & Takenaka, 1998
Distribution: Irian Jaya; Sorong
Etymology: Occidentalis = of the west. The name refers to the taxon's
westerly distribution.
Notes:
Described forms:
none




S. paradisea arfakensis

Auctor: Joicey & Noakes, 1915
Distribution: Irian Jaya; Arfak Mts (elevation 2000 m)
Etymology: Named after its type locality, Arfak Mts.
Notes:
Described forms:
mf. aurifluoides Haugum & Low, 1979
mf. oculisaureus Parrott & Deslisle, 1986
  mf. confluenta Parrot & Deslisle, 1986
  mf. defayetti Deslisle & Sclavo, 2008
  ff. pseudomeridionalis Deslisle & Sclavo, 2008



S. paradisea wondiboiensis

Auctor: Deslisle, 2008
Distribution: Irian Jaya; District Wasior, Wondiboi Mts., elevation 800 m.
Etymology: Named after its type locality, Wondiboi Mts.
Notes: Described as a f.loc. of ssp arfakensis.
Described forms:
none




S. paradisea chrysanthemum

Auctor: Kobayashi & Koiwaya, 1979
Distribution: Irian Jaya; nr Arfak Mts (elevation 0-300 m), Manokwari
Etymology: Named after the Chrysanthemum ornatum flower, present near the
auctors' base at Himeji City, Japan.
Chrysanthemum is also the name of a distinguished Japanese order
founded by Emperor Mutsuhito in 1877. Crown Prince Naruhito
is the present head of the Chrysanthemum throne.
Notes:
Described forms:
none




S. paradisea ornatum

Auctor: Schäffler, 2001
Distribution:  
Etymology: - - - -
Notes: Described as a f.loc. of S.p.chrysanthemum
Described forms:
none


 


S. paradisea sabinae

Auctor: Schäffler, 2001
Distribution:  
Etymology: - - - -
Notes: Described as a f.loc. of S.p.chrysanthemum
Described forms:
none


 


S. paradisea ssp. noname

Auctor: sensu Haugum & Low, 1979
Distribution: Irian Jaya; Wanggar River - Kobowre (=Weyland) Mts.
Etymology: - - - -
Notes:
Described forms:
none




S. paradisea flavescens

Auctor: Rothschild, 1897
Distribution: Irian Jaya; Etna Bay
Etymology: Flavescens = golden
Notes:
Described forms:
none




S. paradisea ssp. noname

Auctor: sensu Haugum & Low, 1979
Distribution: Irian Jaya; Otakwa River, Sudirman (= Snow) Mts.
Etymology: - - - -
Notes:
Described forms:
none



S. paradisea detanii

Auctor: Schäffler, 2001
Distribution: Southern Irian Jaya; Timika.
Etymology:  
Notes: The photos of S. paradisea flavescens and S. p. detanii are of specimens
  from the same district, Timika. They are, however, probably not from
  the same area. The two subspecies probably inhabits areas close to each
  other, but there might be an elevation factor or other barriers separating them.
Described forms:
none



S. paradisea borchi

Auctor: Haugum & Low, 1974
Distribution: From Irian Jaya; Jayapura via West Sepik Province to
East Sepik Province (PNG), ?Kairiru Is.
Etymology: Named in honour of lepidopterist Harry Borch, who passed away
in Cairns, QLD, 19th March 1981 at age 39.
Notes:
Described forms:
mf. aurifluoides Haugum & Low, 1979
  ff. auriflua Fruhstorfer, 1903




S. paradisea paradisea

Syn.: schönbergi Pagenstecher, 1893
Syn.: paradiseus Rothschild, 1895
Auctor: Staudinger, 1893
Distribution: PNG; Huon Peninsula - Finisterre Range - Astrolabe Bay
Etymology: Name used to describe its beauty.
Notes:
Described forms:
mf. paradisea Staudinger, 1893
mf.aurifluoides Haugum & Low, 1979
  ff. paradisea Staudinger, 1893 (= ff. punctata Hagen, 1897 = ff. calignosa Fruhstorfer, 1908) (sensu Haugum & Low, 1979)




S. paradisea ssp. noname

Auctor: sensu Haugum & Low, 1979
Distribution: PNG; Papua; several widespread locations
Etymology: - - - -
Notes:
Described forms:
none




S. paradisea demeter

Auctor: So & Sato, 1998
Distribution: PNG; Southern Highlands; Lake Kutubu
Etymology: Demeter was a Greek goddess of agriculture.
Notes:
Described forms:
none




Main page | Systematic list of the Troidini group | Systematic list of the birdwing butterflies
About this web site | Applied literature | Acknowledgements | Technical info
Links | Updates | Butterflies of Norway | About the author |
Help me

© Tony Nagypal, 2000-2008

Website Hosting Web space Domain Registration India

Air Jordan 13 Retro Nike Flyknit Air Max Running Commander Des Jordan 13 Pas Cher Nike Air Max 09 Großhandel Stephen Curry Shoes Nike Air Max Webshop TIMBERLAND CHUKKA BOOTS ADIDAS ULTRA BOOST Nike Mercurial Superfly AJ XXXI Noir MBT Botas baratos Adidas Nmd R1 Adidas Ultra Boost Uncaged Nike Air Max Zero Cheap Timberland 6 Inch Boots Nike Lebron 13 For Sale Adidas Ultra Boost cipők csak Chaussures TN Requin Soldes Ugg i Do Boots NIKE MERCURIAL VAPOR X CR7