The World of Birdwing Butterflies



In North and South Sumatra Troides miranda inhabits the mountains, while in Borneo it is known from the lowlands up to 300 m altitude.

Very little is known about miranda in Sumatra. Tsukada & Nishiyama (1980, 1982) mentioned it to be present on the steep slope between Bandaru Baru and Brastagi, where it flies above the canopy, descending to visit coffee and Cledodendron flowers.

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of a specific subspecies, click on the name of the subspecies.

T. miranda miranda

Auctor: Butler, 1869
Syn.: mirandus Rothschild, 1894
Distribution: N. Borneo; Sabah, Sarawak, Brunei
Etymology: Miranda = wonderful, strange, singular.
Described forms:
ff. miranda Butler, 1869
  ff. nigrosuffusa Haugum & Low, 1983

T. miranda hayami

Auctor: Kobayashi, 1991
Distribution: N. Borneo; Sarawak; Bintulu inland, Sibu, Mt Serapi,
Kalimantan; Mt. Saran, Ringas.
Described forms:

T. miranda neomiranda

Auctor: Fruhstorfer, 1903
Syn.: zacheri Suffert, 1903
Syn.: neomirandus Kurosawa, 1966
Distribution: N. and C. Sumatra
Etymology: Neo = new, recent. Miranda - see T.miranda miranda.
Described forms:

T. miranda annae

Auctor: Deslisle, 1988
Distribution: S. Sumatra; Mt Dempo
Etymology: Named in honour of Mrs. Lai Anna Toeante, for her continuous
support to her husband, Mr Ichwan Toeante, who has brought
about practically every new subspecies and form of Indonesian
birdwings described during the last 25 years of the 20th century.
Notes: Matsuka (2001) treated T.miranda annae as a synonym of
T.miranda neomiranda.
Described forms:

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