The World of Birdwing Butterflies



IUCN conservation status category: INDETERMINATE.

This mountain species from North Borneo is a localised, rare species. It has been recorded from around 1,000 to 2,900 m altitude. The well-known home of Troides andromache at Mount Kinabalu is under threat from human 'development' and it has disappeared from many localities.

T. andromache flies high above the canopy, but will descend to Mussaenda blossom as well as other flowers. The females fly lower than the males.

Little is known about a possible distribution of andromache into Kalimantan.

The high altitude species, T. miranda, T. vandepolli, T. andromache and T. prattorum form an exclusive group of birdwing butterflies usually regarded to be among the rarest species of their genus. Still it is perhaps these mountainous species that will have the best chance to survive human exploitation of the south-east Asian islands.

To view the images of this species, click on the name of the species.
To go direct to the images
of a specific subspecies, click on the name of the subspecies.

T. andromache andromache

Auctor: Staudinger, 1892
Syn.: andromacha Stephan, 1909
Distribution: N. Borneo; Sabah; Mt.Kinabalu, Crocker Range, Siptang
Etymology: In Greek mythology Andromakhe was the noble wife of Hector.
Described forms:
mf. pseudomiranda Haugum & Low, 1983

T. andromache marapokensis

Auctor: Fruhstorfer, 1898
Distribution: N. Norneo; Sarawak - Brunei
Etymology: Named after its type locality, Mt.Marapok
Notes: Matsuka (2001) treated T.andromache marapokensis as a
synonym of T.andromache andromache.
Described forms:

T. andromache nishikawai

Auctor: Kobayashi, 1992
Distribution: Kalimantan; Mt. Saran, Ringas.
Described forms:

T. andromache goramensis

Auctor: Morita, 2000
Distribution: Mt. Goram, Mt. Batak.
Etymology: Names after its type locality, Mt. Goram.
Described forms:

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Tony Nagypal, 2000-2004

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