The World of Birdwing Butterflies

 

TROIDES AMPHRYSUS

Troides amphrysus is a fairly common species found in the regions of Malaya, Sumatra, Java and Borneo. Several new subspecies have been described over the last few years.

T. amphrysus can be seen in the air the whole day. It is one of the first butterflies to appear in the morning, and one of the last to go to rest in the afternoon. Amphrysus can be even be spotted in light rain.

The species usually flies 20-30 m above ground, but will often make rapid descends to low growing flowers.

TIP:
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of a specific subspecies, click on the name of the subspecies.
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T. amphrysus ruficollis

Auctor: Butler, 1877
Syn.: amphrisius Gray, 1852
Syn.: rubricollis Hagen, 1894 (lapsus calami)
Syn.: flavicollis Rothschild, 1895 - nec Druce, 1873
Syn.: amphrysus Snellen, 1889
Syn.: amphrysus Pendlebury, 1936
Syn.: rufficollis D'Abrera, 1975 (lapsus calami)
Syn.: leowkonfahi Tung, 1981 (nom. nud.)
Distribution: S. Thailand - Malay Peninsula and adjacent isls.
Etymology: Name refers to the red pronotal collar.
Notes:
Described forms:
mf. splendens Krüger, 1925
mf. palabuanus Fruhstorfer, 1894
ff. yapi Haugum & Low, 1983
ff. poonkuanyaowi Tung, 1981




T. amphrysus naokoae

Auctor: Morita, 1996
Distribution: Langkawi Is.
Etymology:
Notes:
Described forms:
none




T. amphrysus chrysomelas

Auctor: Parrott & Schmid, 1984
Syn.: chrsomelas Hayami, 1994 (lapsus calami)
Distribution: Natuna Isls.
Etymology: Chrysos = gold, melas = black.
Notes:
Described forms:
none



T. amphrysus kuris

Auctor: Kobayashi, 1997
Distribution: Anambas Is.
Etymology:
Notes:
Described forms:
none



T. amphrysus arkumene

Auctor: Hayami, 1994
Distribution: Tioman Is., Aur Is.
Etymology:
Notes:
Described forms:
none




T. amphrysus euthydemus

Auctor: Fruhstorfer, 1913
Syn.: amphrysus Snellen, 1889
Syn.: ruficollis Hagen, 1894
Syn.: rubricollis Hagen, 1894 (lapsus calami)
Syn.: flavicollis Rothschild, 1895 - nec Druce, 1873
Syn.: amphrysus de Nicéville & Martin, 1895
Syn.: flavicollis Fruhstorfer, 1897 - nec Druce, 1873
Syn.: gardineri Fruhstorfer, 1902
Syn.: ruficollis Jordan, 1908
Syn.: ruficollis Jordan, 1937
Syn.: ruficollis Straatman & Niewenhuis, 1961
Syn.: rufficollis D'Abrera, 1975
Syn.: amphrysus Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1982
Distribution: Sumatra and some of the adjacent isls.
Etymology: Euthys = straight/direct, demas = body.
Notes:
Described forms:
none




T. amphrysus centralis

Auctor: Deslisle, 1993
Distribution: South Sumatra; Mt Dempo
Etymology: Name given to describe centralis' central position among
the amphrysus subspecies.
Notes: Matsuka (2001) treated T.amphrysus centralis as a synonym of
T.amphrysus euthydemus.
Described forms:
none




T. amphrysus simeuluensis

Auctor: Ohya, 1985
Distribution: Simeulue Is.
Etymology: Named after its type locaility, Simeuleu Is.
Notes:
Described forms:
none


T. amphrysus odeipus

Auctor: Kobayashi & Hayami, 1994
Distribution: Babi Is.
Etymology: Oedipus was, as a child, exposed of his parents and adopted by
the Queen of Corinth. He accidentally killed his father, and became
the King of Thebes. Unwittingly he married his own mother. He was
driven into exile after having put out his eyes and cursed his sons.
Notes: Matsuka (2001) treated T.amphrysus oedeipus as a synonym of
T.amphrysus simeuluensis.
Described forms:
none



T. amphrysus asteria

Auctor: Hayami, 1992
Distribution: Banyak Is.
Etymology: In Greek mythology the nymph Asteria was mother of Hekate,
the goddess over magic and spells.
Notes:
Described forms:
none



T. amphrysus niasicus

Auctor: Fruhstorfer, 1897
Syn.: amphrysus Kheil, 1884
Syn.: flavicollis Rothschild, 1895 - nec Druce, 1873
Distribution: Nias Is.
Etymology: Named after its type locality, Nias Is.
Notes:
Described forms:
f. magnifica Ehrmann




T. amphrysus merah

Auctor: Kobayashi & Hayami, 1992
Distribution: Simuk Is.
Etymology: - - - -
Notes: Matsuka (2001) treated T.amphrysus merah as a synonym of
T.amphrysus vistara.
Described forms:
none


T. amphrysus zeus

Auctor: Kobayashi & Hayami, 1992
Distribution: Sipora Is.
Etymology: In Greek mythology Zeus was the chief deity of the pantheon,
the god of sky and weather. He was called the father of both gods
and men. Corresponding to the Roman god Jupiter.
Notes: Matsuka (2001) treated T.amphrysus zeus as a synonym of
T.amphrysus vistara.
Described forms:
none



T. amphrysus vistara

Auctor: Fruhstorfer, 1906
Distribution: Batu Isls., Selat Mentawa Isls. group
Etymology:
Notes:
Described forms:
none




T. amphrysus amphrysus

Auctor: Cramer, 1782
Syn.: amphrisus Jablonsky, 1784
Syn.: amphrisius Fabricius, 1787
Syn.: amphrisius Godart, 1819
Syn.: amphrisius Boisduval, 1836
Syn.: palabuanus Fruhstorfer, 1894
Syn.: palabuana Rothschild, 1895
Syn.: ampharysus Robinson, 1977
Distribution: Java
Etymology:
Notes:
Described forms:
mf. palabuana Fruhstorfer, 1894
mf. palabuanus Rothschild, 1895
mf. splendens Krüger, 1925
mf. magnifica Ehrmann, 1821




T. amphrysus joanae

Auctor: Parrott, 1989
Distribution: Bali
Etymology: Named in honour of the auctor's wife, Mrs. Joan Parrott.
Notes: Matsuka (2001) treated T.amphrysus joanae as a synonym of
T.amphrysus amphrysus.
Described forms:
none




T. amphrysus tambelanensis

Auctor: Okano & Ohkura, 1987
Distribution: Tambelan Besar
Etymology:
Notes: Matsuka (2001) treated T.amphrysus tambelanensis as a
synonym of T.amphrysus perintis.
Described forms:
none




T. amphrysus perintis

Auctor: Kobayashi, 1986
Distribution: Tambelan Besar
Etymology:
Notes:
Described forms:
none




T. amphrysus flavicollis

Auctor: Druce, 1873
Syn.: amphrisius Gray, 1852
Syn.: amphrisius Wallace, 1865
Syn.: ruficollis Snellen, 1895 nec Butler, 1877
Syn.: ruficollis Rothschild, 1895 nec Butler, 1877
Syn.: flavicollis Rothschild, 1895 (part.)
Syn.: nigricollis Fruhstorfer, 1898
Syn.: birmeicollis Fruhstorfer, 1898
Syn.: olympia Honrath, 1891
Syn.: bruneicollis Moore, 1902
Syn.: ruficollis Rippon, 1906 (part)
Syn.: flavicollis Rippon, 1906 (part)
Syn.: actinotia Jordan, 1908
Syn.: arasada Fruhstorfer, 1911
Syn.: splendens Krüger, 1925
Syn.: flavicollis Kurosawa, 1966
Syn.: amphrysus Barlow et al., 1971
Syn.: flavicollis Robinson, 1977
Syn.: flavicollis Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1980
Syn.: ruficollis Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1980 (part.)
Distribution: N.Borneo/Kalimantan, Banggi Is., Natuna Is. Range in Kalimantan
is poorly known.
Etymology: Flavicollis = golden.
Notes: Exact distribution between T.amphrysus flavicollis and
T.amphrysus andrewei is not known.
Described forms:
mf. flavicollis Druce, 1873
mf. splendens Krüger, 1925
ff. flavicollis Druce, 1873
ff. actinotia Jordan, 1908 (ruficollis Snellen, 1895 nec Butler, 1877; ruficollis Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1980 part., nec Butler, 1877) (see notes under T. amphrysus andrewei)
ff. olympia Honrath, 1891
ff. arasada Fruhstorfer, 1911 (syn.: asarada Robinson, 1977)
  f. nigricollis Fruhstorfer, 1898
  f. bruneicollis Fruhstorfer, 1898 (= f. birmeicollis Fruhstorfer, 1902)




T. amphrysus andrewei

Auctor: Parrott, 1991
Syn.: flavicollis D'Abrera, 1975
Syn.: flavicollis Haugum & Low, 1983
Syn.: flavicollis Ohya, 1983
Distribution: E. Kalimantan; Bontang
Etymology: Named in honour of Dr. Andrew M. Low.
Notes: Exact distribution between T.amphrysus flavicollis and
T.amphrysus andrewei is not known.
Matsuka (2001) regarded to proper name for T.amphrysus
andrewei to be T.amphrysus actinotia Jordan, 1908.
Described forms:
none



 

T. amphrysus kecilensis

Auctor: Schäffler, 1999
Distribution: Laut Kecil Is. (south-east of Borneo) 
Etymology: Named after its type locality, Kecil Is.
Notes:
Described forms:
none 




T. amphrysus hilbebi

Auctor: Hayami, 1992
Distribution: Karimata Is. (south-west of Borneo) 
Etymology:
Notes:
Described forms:
none 


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