The World of Birdwing Butterflies



The family Papilionidae comprises the following subfamilies and tribes:

Subfamily Tribe Approx number of species
Baroniinae   1
Parnassinae Parnassiini 39
  Zerynthiini 14
Papilioninae Leptocircini 153
  Troidini 142
  Papilionini 222
Total   571

This arrangement is, with some adjustments, based upon the taxonomic classification used in "Threatened Swallowtail Butterflies of the world.The IUCN Red Data Book" which itself is based upon D.L.Hancock: "Classification of the Papilionidae (Lepidoptera): a phylogenetic approach". Smithersia 2, 1983.
Many recent authors accept a much higher number of good species among the the tribe Parnassiini.
The number of species in each group should also be adjusted for new species described since the publication of "Threatened Swallowtail Butterflies of the world" in 1985.


The tribe Troidini comprises the following species:

Battus philenor   Linnaeus, 1771
Battus zetides   Munroe, 1971
Battus devilliers   Godart, 1823
Battus polydamas   Linnaeus, 1758
Battus streckerianus   Honrath, 1884
Battus archidamas   Boisduval, 1836
Battus polystictus   Butler, 1874
Battus philetas   Hewitson, 1869
Battus madyes    Doubleday, 1846
Battus eracon    Godman & Salvin, 1897
Battus belus   Cramer, 1777
Battus crassus   Cramer, 1777
Battus laodamas   Felder, 1859
Battus lycidas   Cramer, 1777

Euryades duponchelli   Lucas, 1839
Euryades corethrus   Boisduval, 1836

Cressida cressida   Felder, 1775

Parides gundlachianus   C. & R. Felder, 1864
Parides alopius   Godman & Salvin, 1890
Parides phonitus   Doubleday, 1844
Parides montezuma   Westwood, 1842
Parides phalaecus   Hewitson, 1869
Parides agavus   Drury, 1782
Parides proneus   H, 1825
Parides ascanius   Crames, 1775
Parides bunichus   H, 1821
Parides diodorus   Hopffer, 1866
Parides perrhebus   Boisduval, 1836
Parides hanheli   Staudinger, 1882
Parides mithras   Grose-Smith, 1902
Parides chabrias   Hewitson, 1852
Parides quandratus   Staudinger, 1890
Parides pizarro   Staudinger, 1884
Parides steinbachi   Rothschild, 1905
Parides coelus   Boisduval, 1836
Parides tros   Fabricius, 1793
Parides aeneas   Linnaeus, 1758
Parides klagesi   Ehrmann, 1904
Parides orellana   Hewitson, 1852
Parides childrenae   Gray, 1832
Parides sesostris   Cramer, 1779
Parides burchellanus   Westwood, 1872
Parides polyzelus   C. & R. Felder, 1865
Parides iphidamas   Fabricius, 1793
Parides vertumnus   Cramer, 1779
Parides cutorina   Staudinger, 1898
Parides lycimedes   Boisduval, 1870
Parides phosphorus   Bates, 1861
Parides drucei   Butler, 1874
Parides erlaces   Gray, 1852
Parides nephalion   Godart, 1819
Parides anchises   Linnaeus, 1758
Parides erithalion   Boisduval, 1836
Parides panthonus   Cramer, 1780
Parides aglaope   Gray, 1852
Parides castilhoi   D'Almeida, 1967
Parides lysander   Cramer, 1775
Parides echemon   H, 1813
Parides zacynthus   Fabricius, 1793
Parides neophilus   Geyer, 1837
Parides eurimedes   Stoll, 1780
Parides timias   Gray, 1852

Atrophaneura (Pharmacophagus) antenor   Drury, 1773
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) daemonius   Alpheraky, 1895
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) plutonius   Obeth젍 1907
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) alcinous   Klug, 1836
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) latreillei   Donovan, 1826
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) polla   de Nic鶩lle, 1897
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) crassipes   Obeth젍 1879
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) adamsoni   Grose-Smith, 1896
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) nevilli   Wood-Mason, 1896
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) laos   Riley & Godfrey, 1896
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) mencius   Felder, 1862
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) impediens   Rothschild, 1895
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) febanus   Fruhstorfer, 1908
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) hedistus   Jordan, 1928
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) dasarada   Moore, 1857
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) polyeuctes   Doubleday, 1842
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) semperi   C. & R. Felder, 1861
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) kuehni   Honrath, 1886
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) luchti   Roepke, 1935
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) hageni   Rogenhofer, 1889
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) priapus   Boisduval, 1836
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) sycorax   Grose-Smith, 1885
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) horishanus   Matsumura, 1910
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) aidoneus   Doubleday, 1845
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) varuna   White, 1868
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) zaleucus   Hewitson, 1865
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) nox   Swainson, 1822-23
Atrophaneura (Atrophaneura) dixoni   Grose-Smith, 1901
Atrophaneura (Losaria) neptunus   Gu鲩n-M鮥ville, 1840
Atrophaneura (Losaria) palu   Martin, 1912
Atrophaneura (Losaria) coon   Fabricius, 1793
Atrophaneura (Losaria) rhodifer   Butler, 1876
Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) hector   Linnaeus, 1758
Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) jophron   Gray, 1852
Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) pandiyana   Moore, 1881
Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) oreon   Doherty, 1891
Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) liris   Godart, 1819
Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) polyphontes   Boisduval, 1836
Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) schadenbergi   Semper, 1886
Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) mariae   Semper, 1874
Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) phegeus   Hopffer, 1886
Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) phlegon   C. & R. Felder, 1864
Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) atropos   Staudinger, 1888
Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) kotzebuea   Eschscholtz, 1821
Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) aristolochiae   Fabricius, 1775
Atrophaneura (Pachliopta) polydorus   Linnaeus, 1758

Aetheoptera (Ornithoptera) victoriae   Salvin, 1888
Straatmana (Ornithoptera) alexandrae   Rothschild, 1907

Ornithoptera aesacus   Ney, 1903
Ornithoptera priamus   Linnaeus, 1758
Ornithoptera croesus   Wallace, 1859

Schoenbergia (Ornithoptera) goliath   Oberth젱888
Schoenbergia (Ornithoptera) rothschildi   Kenrick, 1911
Schoenbergia (Ornithoptera) chimaera   Rothschild, 1904
Schoenbergia (Ornithoptera) tithonus   De Haan, 1840
Schoenbergia (Ornithoptera) paradisea   Staudinger, 1893
Schoenbergia (Ornithoptera) meridionalis   Rothschild, 1897

Trogonoptera brookiana   Wallace, 1855
Trogonoptera trojana   Honrath, 1886

Ripponia (Troides) hypolitus   Cramer, 1775

Troides amphrysus   Cramer, 1782
Troides cuneifera   Oberth젱879
Troides miranda   Butler, 1869
Troides andromache   Staudinger, 1892
Troides darsius   Gray, 1852
Troides haliphron   Boisduval, 1836
Troides staudingeri   R⥲, 1888
Troides plato   Wallace, 1865
Troides riedeli   Kirsch, 1885
Troides criton   Felder, 1860
Troides vandepolli   Snellen, 1890
Troides helena   Linnaeus, 1758
Troides oblongomaculatus   Goeze, 1779
Troides rhadamantus   Lucas, 1835
Troides dohertyi   Rippon, 1893
Troides minos   Cramer, 1779
Troides aeacus   Felder, 1860
Troides prattorum   Joicey & Talbot, 1922
Troides magellanus   Felder, 1862

To view the images of a birdwing species, first go to

the Systematic list of the birdwing butterflies (see below).
Then click on the name of the desired species.

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䯮y Nagypal, 2000-2001

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