Butterflies of Norway



English name: Large tortoiseshell
Norwegian name: Kirsebærsommerfugl
Auctor: Linnaeus, 1758
Original description: as Papilio Nymphalis polychloros in Syst.Nat. (Edn. 10) I: 477.
Syn.: testudo (Esper, [1781])
pyrrhomelaena (Hübner, [1824])
pyromelas Freyer, [1834]
fervida Standfuss, 1896
lucida (Fruhstorfer, 1907)
dilucidus (Fruhstorfer, 1907)
Type locality of nominate species: Sweden.
Subspecies in Norway: N. p. polychloros.
Worldwide distribution: NW Morocco, South and Central Europe, NW Africa, temperate parts of
Asia to West Siberia, NE Kazakhstan.


N. polychloros polychloros

Auctor: Linnaeus, 1758
Syn.: - - -
Type locality of subspecies: Sweden.
Distribution in Norway: From Oslo along the coast to Kristiansand.
Notes: The last known record in Norway dates back to 1958. Another specimen is
said to have been seen near Halden on the Norwegian-Swedish border in
the late 1970's, but this needs reconfirmation. N. polychloris is probably
extinct in Norway now. Industrialized forestry and the use of insecticides are
blamed for the decline of N. polychloros.
Described forms found in Norway: none
Etymology: poly = many. chloros = green.

poly-16.JPG (31039 bytes)

1 2 3
4 5 6






Coll. date


In coll.


1 11 AAY Risør 1889 E. Moe ZMO  
2 11 AAY Risør 1889 E. Moe ZMO f
3 11 AAY Risør 1889 E. Moe ZMO f
4 11 AAY Risør 1889 E. Moe ZMO  
5 11 AAY Risør   ex. coll. Wilhelm Maribo Schøyen ZMO f
6   6 AAY Tvedestrand 12-VIII-1945 Jan Kielland ZMO f - ventral view

For further notes, photos and maps of this species, check out
the Lepidoptera homepage of the Zoological Museum of Oslo/Norwegian Entomological Society/Skogforsk
(text in Norwegian).

Butterflies of Norway | Systematic list of the Norwegian butterflies | Bibliography
| Links | Maps of Norway | Updates
Main page
Birdwing Butterflies of the World Section
| Systematic list of the Birdwing Butterflies


© Tony Nagypal, 2001-2010

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