Butterflies of Norway

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COLIAS WERDANDI

 

English name: Pale Arctic Clouded Yellow
Norwegian name: Polargulvinge
Auctor: Zetterstedt, 1840
Original description: as Colias nastes werdandi in Insecta Lapponica: 908.
Syn.: - - -
Type locality of nominate species: Torne Lappland, Sweden.
Worldwide distribution: Arctic Fennoscandia only; North Norway, Northwest Sweden and
Northwest Finland, ? Novaya Zelmya Island.
Distribution in Norway: North Norway; Troms fylke and northern Nordland fylke only.
Subspecies in Norway: Only the nominate subspecies is known (although the taxon C. nastes zemblida
Grieshuber, 1998 from Novaya Zemlya Island might be a subspecies of C. werdandi).
Notes: Until recently, Colias werdandi was regarded to be a subspecies of Colias nastes
a species found in North America and Northeast Asia. Some authors, especially
Russians, have placed C. werdandi as a subspecies of C. tyche (Boeber, 1812),
a species which inhabits Siberia and Mongolia.
Recent studies by Jan Haugum, have, however, proved that Colias werdandi is
morphologically distinct from both C.nastes and C.tyche (ref.: Kudrna, 2002).
The little know f. christiernssoni Lampa is a rare yellow-orange form
which has been suggested to be a natural hybrid between C. werdandi
and C. hecla. This author belives it is just a rare form.
Recognized subspecies: None.
Subspecies of C.nastes: C.n.nastes Boisduval, 1832 - Greenland, Nunavut, N and NW Canada
C.n.moina - Churchill
C.n.thula - North Alaska
C.n.mongola Alpheraky, 1897 - Altai and Sayan Mts.
C.n.streckeri Grum-Grshimaïlo, 1895 - N Siberia, Chukot Peninsula
C.n.dezhnevi Korshunov, 1995 - Magadan Province, Chukotka, Kamchatka
C.n.flinti Churkin, Grieshuber, Bogdanov & Zamolodchikov, 2001 - Wrangal Is. (NE Siberia)
C.n.magadanica Churkin. Grieshuber, Bogdanov & Zamolodchikov, 2001 - SE Magadan Province.
C.n.jacutica Kurentzov, 1970 - Eastern Yakutia
C.n.zemblica Verity, 1911 - Novaya Zemlya Is. (subspecies of nastes, werdandi or tyche?)
Etymology: Werdandi: Verdandi or Verðandi was one of the three norns, guarding Undarbrunnr, the Weird's Well.
  Verdandi ("Present" or "Necessity"), Urda ("Past" or "Fate") and Skuld ("Future" or "Guilt") weaved the
  thread of fate (Yggdrasil, Norse mythology).

 



Colias werdandi (males) from North Norway

1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9

COLIAS  WERDANDI   -    males

Specimen

EIS

Region

Kommune

Coll. date

Legit

In coll.

Remarks

1 147 TRI Bardu VII-1893   ZMO m
2 127 NSI Saltdal 09-VII-1918 Johan Rygge ZMO m
3 127 NSI Saltdal 11-VII-1918 Johan Rygge ZMO m
4 164 TRI Nordreisa   Embrik Strand ZMO m
5 127 NSI Saltdal 1918 Johan Rygge ZMO m
6 127 NSI Saltdal 06-VII-1882 Wilhelm Maribo Schøyen ZMO m
7 127 NSI Saltdal 11-VII-1918 Johan Rygge ZMO m
8 127 NSI Saltdal VII-1918 Johan Rygge ZMO m
9 127 NSI Saltdal 02-VIII-1881 Wilhelm Maribo Schøyen ZMO m





Colias werdandi (females) from North Norway

1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9

COLIAS  WERDANDI   -    females

Specimen

EIS

Region

Kommune

Coll. date

Legit

In coll.

Remarks

1 127 NSI Saltdal 12-VII-1918 Johan Rygge ZMO f
2 127 NSI Saltdal 02-VIII-1881 Wilhelm Maribo Schøyen ZMO f
3 127 NSI Saltdal VII-1918 Johan Rygge ZMO f
4 127 TRI Saltdal 11-VII-1918 Johan Rygge ZMO f
5 127 NSI Saltdal 08-VII-1881 Wilhelm Maribo Schøyen ZMO f
6 147 TRI Bardu 19-VII-1893   ZMO f
7 155 TRI Storfjord 14-VII-1894   ZMO f
8 147 TRI Bardu 18-VII-1893   ZMO f
9 127 NSI Saltdal 11-VII-1918 Johan Rygge ZMO f


Colias werdandi from North Norway

1 2
3 4

COLIAS  WERDANDI

Specimen

EIS

Region

Kommune

Coll. date

Remarks

1 155 TRI Balsfjord 08-JUL-1981 m
2 155 TRI Balsfjord 08-JUL-1981 m
3 155 TRI Balsfjord 08-JUL-1981 m (ventral view)
4 155 TRI Balsfjord 03-JUL-1980 f


Habitat of Colias werdandi in North Norway

Habitat of Colias werdandi (Troms fylke, North Norway, elevation 400 m, JUN-2002)

 

For further notes, photos and maps of this species, check out
the Lepidoptera homepage of the Zoological Museum of Oslo/Norwegian Entomological Society/Skogforsk
(text in Norwegian).

Butterflies of Norway | Systematic list of the Norwegian butterflies | Bibliography
Acknowledgements
| Links | Maps of Norway | Updates
Main page
Birdwing Butterflies of the World Section
| Systematic list of the Birdwing Butterflies

© Tony Nagypal, 2001-2010


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