Butterflies of Norway

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PARNASSIUS MNEMOSYNE

 

English name: Clouded Apollo
Norwegian name: Mnemosynesommerfugl
Auctor: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Original description: as Papilio Eques mnemosyne in Syst. Nat. (edn. 10), 1: 465.
Syn.: --
Type locality of nominate species: Finland.
Subspecies in Norway: P.m.atlanticus, P.m.?nordstroemi and 3 unnamed subspecies.
Worldwide distribution: Palaearctic region, from the Pyrenees in the west to Central Asia in the east.
Etymology: Mnemosyne was the goddess of memory in Greek mythology.

 

P. mnemosyne ?nordstroemi

Auctor: Bryk, 1940
Syn.: nordströmi Bryk, 1940
Original description: in Lambillionea, 40:42
Type locality of subspecies: Jämtland, Sweden.
Distribution in Norway: MRI, Sunndalsøra kommune.
Notes: The Sunndalsøra subspecies is usually referred to as ssp. nordstroemi,
the same subspecies as the Jämtland population. No thorough studies have
been made to compare specimens from the two populations, probably
first of all due to the scarcity of Jämtland specimens for comparison.
This author, however, regard the Norwegian population to be
morphologically distinct from Swedish nordstroemi.
This subspecies is the commonest and most widespread of all the mnemosyne
subspecies in Norway, having a population that occurs through the full 10 km
of a narrow valley. Numerous mnemosyne 'nordstroemi' are being killed by
automobiles every summer, but the subspecies is under no threat whatsoever.
In 1990 around 500 specimens were registered. The real number of the
population is certainly much higher, as most of these butterflies will fly at high
altitudes in terrain inaccessible to human beings. Altitude: sea-level to at least 1100 m.
Discovered by Magne Opheim in 1936.
Described forms found in Norway: P.mnemosyne is a very variable species with many named and
unnamed forms.
Etymology: nordstroemi: named after Swedish entomologist Frithiof Nordström.

 

P. mnemosyne atlanticus

Auctor: Opheim, 1948
Syn.: mnemosyne Opheim, 1938
Original description: in Univ. Bergen Arb. 1948 :4
Type locality of subspecies: Norddal
Distribution in Norway: MRI, Norddal kommune.
Notes: By all means one of the rarest and most vulnerable of all
P.mnemosyne subspecies in the world. Its total habitat
measures a few hundred square meters only. The habitat is also under
a strong threat from human development. Discovered 1936 by Jan
Werner [1884-1937].
Described forms found in Norway: --
Etymology: atlanticus: Name refers to atlanticus' distribution adjacent to
the North Atlantic Ocean.




mnem-22.JPG (23995 bytes)

1 2


PARNASSIUS  MNEMOSYNE  ?NORDSTROEMI

Specimen

EIS

Region

Kommune

Coll. date

Legit

In coll.

Remarks

1 78 MRI Sunndal 12-VII-1942 Magne Opheim ZMO m
2 78 MRI Sunndal 12-VII-1942 Magne Opheim ZMO m







mnem-19.JPG (32131 bytes)

1 2
3 4


PARNASSIUS  MNEMOSYNE  ATLANTICUS

Specimen

EIS

Region

Kommune

Coll. date

Legit

In coll.

Remarks

1 69 MRI Norddal 17-VI-1936 Jan Werner ZMO m - HOLOTYPE
2 69 MRI Norddal 17-VI-1936 Jan Werner ZMO m - HOLOTYPE
3 69 MRI Norddal 17-VI-1936 Jan Werner ZMO m - HOLOTYPE
4 69 MRI Norddal 17-VI-1936 Jan Werner ZMO f - HOLOTYPE







mnem-str.JPG (22556 bytes)

1 2


PARNASSIUS  MNEMOSYNE  ssp.

Specimen

EIS

Region

Kommune

Coll. date

Legit

In coll.

Remarks

1   MRI Stranda     ZMO m
2   MRI Stranda     ZMO f




For further notes, photos and maps of this species, check out
the Lepidoptera homepage of the Zoological Museum of Oslo/Norwegian Entomological Society/Skogforsk
(text in Norwegian).

Butterflies of Norway | Systematic list of the Norwegian butterflies | Bibliography
Acknowledgements
| Links | Maps of Norway | Updates
Main page
Birdwing Butterflies of the World Section
| Systematic list of the Birdwing Butterflies


© Tony Nagypal, 2001-2010

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