Butterflies of Norway

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POLYOMMATUS ICARUS

 

English name: Common Blue
Norwegian name: Vanlig blåvinge
Auctor: (Rottemburg, 1775)
Original description: as Papilio icarus in Naturforscher, Halle 6:21.
Syn.: argus (Poda, 1761) (nom. praeocc.)
Syn.: alexis (Scopoli, 1763) (nom. praeocc.)
Syn.: thetis (Esper, [1777]) (nom. praeocc.)
Syn.: pampholyge (Bergsträsser, 1779)
Syn.: candybus (Bergsträsser, 1779)
Syn.: candiope (Bergsträsser, 1779)
Syn.: candaon (Bergsträsser, 1779)
Syn.: oceanus (Bergsträsser, 1779)
Syn.: polyphemus (Esper, [1779])
Syn.: fusciolus (Fourcroy, 1785)
Syn.: icarinus (Scharfenberg, 1791)
Syn.: oebalus (Hoffmannsegg, 1804)
Syn.: iphis Meigen, 1830
Syn.: pusillus (Gerhard, 1851)
Syn.: zelleri Verity, 1919
Syn.: taurica (Venzmer, 1920)
Type locality of nominate species: Sachsen, Germany.
Subspecies in Norway: P. icarus icarus, P. icarus jotunensis, P. icarus septentrionalis.
Worldwide distribution: Widely distributed throughout the temperate part of the Palaearctic region.
Notes: Females of Norwegian icarus belong to the beautiful blue ff. caerula Fuchs, 1877.
The brown female form icarus is rare in Norway.

 

P. icarus icarus

Auctor: (Rottemburg, 1775)
Syn.: - - -
Type locality of subspecies: Sachsen, Germany.
Distribution in Norway: South and central Norway.
Notes: - - -
Described forms found in Norway: f. icarus, f. icarinus (no spots in FW underside cell)
Etymology: icarus: Ikaros was a protégé of Dionysus, who taught him
viticulture; in Greek mythology.

 

P. icarus jotunensis

Auctor: Henriksen, 1982
Syn.: - - -
Type locality of subspecies: "Northern Telemark, Dovre-Jotunheimen".
Distribution in Norway: Mountains of South Norway; Telemark, Dovre, Jotunheimen,
over 600 m.
Notes: - - -
Described forms found in Norway: f. icarus, f. icarinus (no spots in FW underside cell)
Etymology: jotunensis = from Jotunheimen.

 

P. icarus septentrionalis

Auctor: Fuchs, 1900
Syn.: - - -
Original description: in Jahrbücher des Nassauischen Vereins für Naturkunde 53 : 31-35.
Type locality of subspecies: Lapland.
Distribution in Norway: North Norway.
Notes: - - -
Described forms found in Norway: f. icarus, f. icarinus (no spots in FW underside cell)
Etymology: septentrionalis = northern.

 


Polyommatus icarus icarus from Norway

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3 4
5 6
7 8


POLYOMMATUS  ICARUS  ICARUS  from Norway

Specimen

EIS

Region

Kommune Coll. date Form Remarks Elevation
1 19 Ø Halden 10-JUN-1990   m  
2 28 Lier 07-JUN-1989   m (ventral view)  
3 28 Nedre Eiker 15-AUG-2001   f 310 m
4 28 Nedre Eiker 05-AUG-2001   f 310 m
5 19 VE Tjøme 26-MAY-1990   f 10 m
6 28 Røyken 15-JUN-1986   f 150 m
7 19 Ø Halden 16-JUN-1990 f. icarus f (ventral view)  
8 43 BV Ål 10-JUL-1990 f. icarina f (ventral view) 475 m

 

 


Polyommatus icarus jotunensis from Norway

1 2
3 4


POLYOMMATUS  ICARUS  JOTUNESIS

Specimen

EIS

Region

Kommune Coll. date Form Remarks Elevation
1 77 MRI Norddal 12-JUN-1989   m 400 m
2 28 TEI Tinn 27-JUL-2001   m (ventral view) 780 m
3 77 MRI Norddal 23-JUN-1998   f 400 m
4 69 SFI Luster 05-AUG-1996   f (venteal view) 350 m

 

 


Polyommatus icarus from Norway, Spain, Turkey, Armenia and Iran

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3  4
5  6
7  8
9  10


For comparison:  POLYOMMATUS  ICARUS  from Norway, Spain, Turkey, Armenia and Iran

Specimen Country Region District Coll. date Subspecies Remarks Elevation
1 Norway EIS 43, BV Ål 08-JUL-1989 ssp. icarus m 475 m
2 Norway EIS 19, Ø Halden 16-JUN-1990 ssp. icarus f sea-level
3 Spain Catalunya Ripollés 01-JUL-2002 ssp. zelleri m 1800 m
4 Spain Catalunya Alt Emporadá 29-JUN-2002 ssp. zelleri f 10 m
5 Turkey Antalya Teke Geçidi 31-JUL-2003 ssp. icarus m 1200 m
6 Turkey Antalya Teke Geçidi 31-JUL-2003 ssp. icarus f 1200 m
7 Armenia Kotyak w Geghard 13-JUN-2004 ssp. icarus m 1750 m
8 Armenia Yerevan Yerevan City 12-JUN-2004 ssp. icarus f 1260 m
9 Iran Teheran Kalār Khān 03-JUN-2005 ssp. icarus m 2260 m
10 Iran Mazandaran Haraz valley 05-JUN-2005 ssp. icarus f 1430 m

 

Butterflies of Norway | Systematic list of the Norwegian butterflies | Bibliography
Acknowledgements
| Links | Maps of Norway | Updates
Main page
Birdwing Butterflies of the World Section
| Systematic list of the Birdwing Butterflies

 

© Tony Nagypal, 2001-2006

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