Butterflies of Norway

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COLIAS SULITELMA

 

English name: Northern Clouded Yellow
Norwegian name: Heklagulvinge
Auctor: Aurivillius, 1890
Original description: as C. hecla sulitelma in Bih. K. Svensk. Vet.-Akad. Handl. 15 (4) (1).
Syn.: - - -
Type locality of nominate species: Mt. Sulitelma, Sweden.
Worldwide distribution: Arctic Fennoscandia, NW and ?NE Arctic Siberia.
Subspecies in Norway: C. sulitelma sulitelma.
Recognized subspecies: C.s.sulitelma Aurivillius, 1890 - Tundras of N Norway, N Sweden, N Finland and European
  part of Siberia.
  C.s.kurnakovi Kurentzov, 1970 - Chukotka (according to P.Gorbunov (2001) kurnakovi is a ssp C. hyperborea Grum-Grshimaïlo, 1899).
Subspecies of C. hecla: C.h.hecla Lefèbvre, 1836 - Greenland, N Nunavut, N Canada, Alaska
C.h.canadensis - S Alaska - Alberta
C.h.sulitelma Aurivillius, 1890 - Arctic Fennoscandia, NW Russia, NW Siberia,
C.h.aquilonaris Grum-Grshimailo, 1899 (= C.h.orientis Vnukovsky, 1929) - NE Siberia, Chukot Region, Russian Far East
C.h.viluiensis Ménétriès, 1859 - Lena Plateau, SE Siberia, Baikal, N Amur, NE Mongolia.
Notes: C.sulitelma has usually been placed as a subspecies of C.hecla. This author, however, choose to follow
  K.Korb, 2002, accepting sulitelma as a good species (see photos below for comparison between C.sulitelma and C.hecla).
Etymology: sulitelma = named after its type locality, Mt Sulitelma, a mountain in Sweden, near the Norwegian-Swedish border.
  hecla = in ancient Norse language hekla was a name for the clouds surrounding a volcano. As Lefèbvre
thought hecla's type locality was Iceland, he named the butterfly after Iceland's biggest volcano, Hekla.

 

C. sulitelma sulitelma

Auctor: Aurivillius, 1890
Original description: as C. hecla sulitelma in Bih. K. Svensk. Vet.-Akad. Handl. 15 (4) (1).
Syn.: - - -
Type locality of subspecies: Mt. Sulitelma, Sweden.
Distribution in Norway: North Norway.
Notes: - - -
Described forms found in Norway: - - -
Etymology: sulitelma = named after its type locality, Mt Sulitelma, a mountain in Sweden, near the Norwegian-Swedish
border.

 

Colias sulitelma from Norway compared with Colias hecla from Greenland (males)

1 2
3 4
 

COLIAS  SULITELMA  SULITELMA  compared with  COLIAS  HECLA  HECLA  (males)

 Specimen

 Subspecies

 EIS

 Region

 Kommune

 Coll. date

 Remarks

 1  C. sulitelma sulitelma  155 (Norway)  TRI  Balsfjord  03-JUL-1980  male
 2  C. hecla hecla  Greenland  Vestgrønland/Kitsa  Holsteinsborg/Sisimiut  17-JUL-1996  male
 3  C. sulitelma sulitelma  155 (Norway)  FV  Alta  27-JUN-1999  male (ventral view)
 4  C. hecla hecla  Greenland  Vestgrønland/Kitsa  Holsteinsborg/Sisimiut  16-JUL-1996  male (ventral view)

 
 

Colias sulitelma from Norway compared with Colias hecla from Greenland (females)

1 2
3 4
 

COLIAS  SULITELMA  SULITELMA  compared with  COLIAS  HECLA  HECLA  (females)

 Specimen

 Subspecies

 EIS

 Region

 Kommune

 Coll. date

 Remarks

 1  C. sulitelma sulitelma  155 (Norway)  TRI  Balsfjord  05-JUL-1980  female
 2  C. hecla hecla  Greenland  Vestgrønland/Kitsa  Holsteinsborg/Sisimiut  16-JUL-1996  female
 3  C. sulitelma sulitelma  155 (Norway)  TRI  Balsfjord  04-JUL-1980  female (ventral view)
 4  C. hecla hecla  Greenland  Vestgrønland/Kitsa  Holsteinsborg/Sisimiut  14-JUL-1996  female (ventral view)


 

Butterflies of Norway | Systematic list of the Norwegian butterflies | Bibliography
Acknowledgements
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© Tony Nagypal, 2001-2010

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