Butterflies of Norway

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PARNASSIUS APOLLO

 

English name: Apollo
Norwegian name: Apollosommerfugl
Auctor: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Original description: as Papilio Eques apollo in Syst.Nat. (Edn. 10) I: 465.
Syn.: --
Type locality of nominate species: Sweden.
Subspecies in Norway: P.a.norvegicus, P.a.jotunensis.
Worldwide distribution: Palaearctic region, from Spain in the west to Central Asia in the east.
Etymology: apollo: Apollon was the god of youth, music and healing in Greek mythology.

 

P. apollo norvegicus

Auctor: Menthe, 1912
Syn.: --
Original description: in Int. Ent. Zeitschr. 6:244-245
Type locality of subspecies: Telemarken.
Distribution in Norway: SE Norway; Gudbrandsdal, Valdres, Hallingdal, Numedal,
Telemark.
Notes: P.a.norvegicus was common along the coast-line of SE Norway until the early 1960'ies,
when it disappeared from the whole area from one year to the next. The most
probable cause for the extinction of the species in this area was acid rain being
carried to Norway from the British Isles. Today P.a.norvegius is rare in the
Eastern populations, while it becomes more common in the Western districts. In
  Telemark P.a.norvegicus is locally abundant.
Described forms found in Norway: P.apollo is a variable species with many named and unnamed forms.
Etymology: norvegicus: belonging to Norway.
 
   

 

P. apollo jotunensis

Auctor: Opheim, 1945
Syn.: --
Type locality of subspecies: Iungsdalsnut, Hol herred.
Distribution in Norway: Jotunheimen mts., mainly around 1000 m altitude. P.a.jotunensis was described from
Notes: 1400 m altitude in Skarvheimen mts. It was later found further east, in the
beautiful Jotunheimen mts. Today P.a.jotunesis is extinct in Iungsdalen, its type
locality. The most probable cause for its extintion is over-grazing of domestic animals.
E.g. local newspapers from 1950 speak about more than 350 cows grazing in the
small, narrow high mountain valleys of Iungsdalen and Vesle Fødalen. Today most of
the cows are long time gone, but still small hordes of goats keep the vegetation down
to a minimum.
Described forms found in Norway: In his paper describing P.a.jotunesis Magne Opheim mentioned several
named forms. Again it is appropriate to point out that P.apollo is a
very variable species.
Etymology: jotunensis: belonging to Jotunheimen.

 

apol-22.JPG (20933 bytes)

 

1 2

 

PARNASSIUS APOLLO NORVEGICUS

Specimen

EIS

Region

Kommune

Coll. date

Legit

In coll.

Remarks

1 19 Ø Moss 06-VII-1915 Emil Barca ZMO m
2 19 Ø Moss 06-VII-1915 Emil Barca ZMO f






larva of P. apollo norvegicus on Sedum album

PARNASSIUS APOLLO NORVEGICUS  -   larva on Sedum album






apol-13.JPG (38545 bytes)

 

1 2
3 4

 

PARNASSIUS APOLLO JOTUNENSIS

Specimen

EIS

Region

Kommune

Coll. date

Legit

In coll.

Remarks

1 61 ON Vang 12-VIII-1945   ZMO m
2 61 ON Vang 1949   ZMO m
3 42 BV Ål 1944   ZMO m
4 42 BV Hol 06-VIII-1944 H. Rui ZMO m

 

 

 

apol-16.JPG (35592 bytes)

1 2
3 4

 

PARNASSIUS APOLLO JOTUNENSIS

Specimen

EIS

Region

Kommune

Coll. date

Legit

In coll.

Remarks

1 42 BV Hol 20-VIII-1943 Magne Opheim ZMO m
2 61 ON Vang 1945 Magne Opheim ZMO m
3 42 BV Ål VIII-1944 H. Rui ZMO m
4 42 BV Ål VIII-1944 H. Rui ZMO m  ventral view

 

 

apol-19.JPG (22248 bytes)

1 2

 

PARNASSIUS APOLLO JOTUNENSIS

Specimen

EIS

Region

Kommune

Coll. date

Legit

In coll.

Remarks

1 42 BV Ål 20-VIII-1943 Magne Opheim ZMO f
2 42 BV Ål 06-VIII-1944 H. Rui ZMO f

 


The roseroot, Sedum rosea, larval foodplant of Parnassius apollo jotunensis.


 


Type locality of Parnassius apollo jotunensis. Apollo if now extinct in this area.

 

 

For further notes, photos and maps of this species, check out
the Lepidoptera homepage of the Zoological Museum of Oslo/Norwegian Entomological Society/Skogforsk
(text in Norwegian).

 

Butterflies of Norway | Systematic list of the Norwegian butterflies | Bibliography
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© Tony Nagypal, 2001-2010